A patient with hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) may deteriorate and die if exposed to fructose, sucrose or sorbitol. The risk is particularly high for a person not known to have HFI.

Sources of fructose, sucrose and sorbitol:

(1) parenteral nutrition

(2) intravenous infusions

(3) medications


Complications of an exposure may include:

(1) liver failure

(2) renal failure

(3) coma

(4) severe hypoglycemia

(5) metabolic acidosis

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