A patient with a thymoma may develop hypoplasia in one or more marrow lineages.
(1) presence of a thymoma
(2) presence of pancytopenia or anemia
(3) hypoplasia in one or more marrow lineages in the bone marrow biopsy
(4) absence of alternative explanation
(5) positive response to therapy targeting the thymoma and associated immunologic disorders
Theories for occurrence:
(1) antibody that interferes with precursor proliferation
(2) infiltration of the bone marrow with T-cells (CD4+, CD8+) or natural killer (NK)-cells
(3) soluble inhibitor in the serum
Therapy may include:
(1) complete resection of the thymoma
(2) steroids and cyclophosphamide
(3) cyclosporine A (if other regimens fail)
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Specialty: Hematology Oncology, Clinical Laboratory