Coproporphyrinogen oxidase (CPO) converts coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX. A patient with hereditary coproporphyria (HCP) has a defect in this enzyme.
Inheritance: autosomal dominant
Genetic locus: 3q12
(1) bullae and skin fragility
(2) neurovisceral signs and symptoms
(3) acute attacks can occur
(4) positive family history
Laboratory findings (more pronounced during an acute attack):
(1) porphobilinogen and aminolevulinic acid are increased in the urine with greater amounts of porphobilinogen
(2) coproporphyrinogen III is increased in the urine
(3) coproporphyrinogen III is increased in the feces
(4) erythrocytes do not show an increase in porphyrins
(5) presence of a mutation in coproporphyrinogen oxidase
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Specialty: Endocrinology, Clinical Laboratory, Gastroenterology