The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) have defined stages of heart failure (HF).
(1) risk for developing heart failure
(2) structural and/or functional abnormalities
(3) signs and symptoms of heart failure
Clinical Heart Failure
• Risk factors for heart failure include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, alcoholism, myocardial toxin exposures, rheumatic fever, hemochromatosis or cardiomyopathy.
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Purpose: To evaluate a patient for heart failure using the clinical stages of the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology.
Objective: severity, prognosis, stage