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Grading a Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) Using Contrast Microbubbles

Specialty:

Allergy, Immunology, Anesthesiology, Cardiology, Dermatology, Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, Emergency Medicine, Family, General Practice, Geriatrics, Internal Medicine, Medical Genetics, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Otolaryngology, Pathology, Pediatrics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Plastic Surgery, Preventive Medicine, Psychiatry, Radiology, Surgery, Urology, Other

Objective:

ICD-10:

Description:

The degree of right-to-left shunt in a patient with a patent foramen ovale can be graded by monitoring the flow of contrast microbubbles during transesophageal echocardiography.

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