Gaslighting is a form of abuse in which the perpetrator tries to psychologically manipulate another person without appearing to do so.

Goal: to make the target question his/her perceptions, understanding, sanity, beliefs or judgment


Methods may include:

(1) denial

(2) misdirection

(3) contradiction

(4) misinformation (lying)

(5) environmental manipulation

(6) withholding or altering information

(7) undermining


Susceptibility factors in the target:

(1) low self-esteem or high self-doubt

(2) abusive or dysfunctional background

(3) psychological disabilities

(4) some level of trust in the perpetrator

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