Berry and Fischer listed features that are favorable or unfavorable for spontaneous closure of an enterocutaneous fistula. The authors are from the University of Cincinnati.
esophagus, duodenal stump, jejunum
stomach, lateral duodenum, ligament of Trietz, ileum
length of fistula tract
> 2 cm
<= 2 cm
length of enteral defect
<= 1 cm
> 1 cm
• A longer fistula tract is more likely to close spontaneously than a shorter one.
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Specialty: Gastroenterology, Surgery, general