A patient may develop the Fat Embolism Syndrome (FES) following liposuction. In severe cases it can cause the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and even death.
(1) history of recent liposuction
(2) onset of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
(3) lipid-laden macrophages in a bronchoalveolar lavage specimen
(4) exclusion of other causes of ARDS and fluid overload
In severe cases fat particles may be found in the circulating blood and retinal blood vessels.
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