Failure to Rescue (FTR) is used as a surgical outcome and quality measure.

Patient selection: surgical patient



(1) number of patients having a complication after surgery

(2) number of patients with a complication who died



= (number of patients with a complication who died) / (number of patients with a complication)



• The lower the ratio the better.

• A ratio higher than peers (surgeons or institutions) may indicate the presence of a problem and needs to be investigated.


Limitations in use:

(1) preventability of complications or death

(2) emergency vs elective surgery

(3) use of modifications (inclusion or exclusion of certain complications)

(4) complexity of surgery

(5) gaming

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