The occurrence of psychosis in the postpartum period may associated with a wide range of disorders.

Psychological disorders that may be associated with postpartum depression:

(1) postpartum depression

(2) psychotic disorder

(3) bipolar disorder


Other disorders that need to be considered:

(1) adverse drug effect

(2) anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis

(3) autoimmune disease (thyroiditis with thyrotoxicosis, cerebral vasculitis/encephalitis)

(4) delirium

(5) eclampsia-related encephalitis

(6) hepatic encephalopathy

(7) infectious encephalitis

(8) paraneoplastic encephalitis

(9) substance abuse, including withdrawal

(10) urea cycle disorder

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