Vock considered possible explanations for liver rupture after blunt force. The author is from the University of Leipzig.
Most likely causes of liver rupture:
(1) abdomen strikes a hard edge
(2) abdomen strikes a stake-like object or post
(3) blow or kick to the abdomen
(4) extrathoracic cardiac massage
Least likely causes of liver rupture:
(1) fall on level ground
(2) fall down stairs
It is important to exclude all of the more likely causes before accepting one of the least likely causes.
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Specialty: Clinical Laboratory, Emergency Medicine, Gastroenterology