The presence of a large amount of circulating chylomicrons can result in the chylomicronemia syndrome.


Criteria for the diagnosis of chylomicronemia - one or both of the following:

(1) plasma triglyceride concentration > 1,000 mg/dL

(2) milky plasma with a marked chylomicron band on lipoprotein electropheresis (Type I or Type V pattern)


Chylomicronemia syndrome is defined as the presence of chylomicronemia and one or more of the following:

(1) eruptive xanthomas (yellow papules typically on the buttocks and/or elbows)

(2) lipemia retinalis

(3) abdominal symptoms (abdominal pain, acute pancreatitis and/or hepatosplenomegaly)


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