Demoralization affects how a person responds to a situation. A person’s morale often determines if s/he wins or loses in a situation. Demoralization may precede or be concurrent with depression, but not everyone who is demoralized is depressed.


Synonym: giving up-given up complex (Schmale, Engel)


Some terms that can be used to describe someone who is demoralized:

(1) helpless

(2) hopeless (“why bother”)

(3) incompetent or incapable

(4) unable to cope or control

(5) defeated/defeatism (ready to surrender)

(6) disconnected from others

(7) distrustful


A person who is demoralized is unwilling to fight or to do what is necessary. Such an attitude guarantees a suboptimum outcome.


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