Data fabrication and falsification are two forms of lying that involve research data.
(1) must involve intentional misconduct
(2) exclusion of accident or unintentional error
(3) exclusion of a difference in opinion
changed substantively (modified or manipulated)
analyzed by approved methods
Misconduct can be mixed:
(1) collected data is manipulated
(2) addition data is made up
To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.