Apnea refers to a cessation of breathing, which hopefully is transient.


Criteria for the diagnosis of apnea - both of the following:

(1) temporary cessation of respiration

(2) one of the following:

(2a) cessation of respiration for > 20 seconds

(2b) presence of cyanosis (which reverses when breathing returns)

(2c) presence of bradycardia (which reverses when breathing returns)


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