Intestinal transplantation may be indicated in a patient with intestinal failure or the presence of a tumor that requires subtotal or total bowel resection for control.
Intestinal failure is a intestinal disorder with a permanent need for total parenteral nutrition to maintain a patient's fluid and nutritional requirements.
Intestinal failure be associated with:
(1) critical loss of intestine
(2) functional disorder of bowel motility or absorption
(3) resection of certain tumors
(4) a congenital bowel defect
Tumors that may require extensive bowel resection for control:
(1) desmoid tumor
(3) intestinal polyposis
(1) Hirschsprung's disease
(2) radiation enteritis
(3) chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
(4) microvillous inclusion disease
Loss of intestine:
(1) abdominal trauma
(2) Crohn's disease
(3) diffuse bowel ischemia
(5) necrotizing enterocolitis
Congenital bowel defect:
(2) intestinal atresia
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Specialty: Gastroenterology, Surgery, general