A ureteral stent may be associated with a number of complications that must be balanced with potential benefits.


Potential complications:

(1) pain

(2) migration

(3) urinary tract infection

(4) breakage

(5) encrustration

(6) obstruction

(7) bleeding


Many stents are used temporarily, after which they must be removed. This may involve a second cystoscopy or the use of a pull string on the distal end of the stent.


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.