A percutaneous jejunostomy tube can provide effective enteral nutrition to a patient with a functioning gastrointestinal tract. However, the tube may need to be removed or adjusted if complications occur.


Major complications require hospitalization, surgery or removal of the tube.


Major complications:

(1) bowel wall perforation

(2) major bleeding

(3) major infection including sepsis

(4) jejunal volvulus

(5) other bowel obstruction

(6) aspiration pneumonia

(7) severe, intractable pain


Minor complications:

(1) minor bleeding

(2) cellulitis or minor infection

(3) tube dislodgement or migration

(4) tube obstruction or kinking

(5) tube leakage

(6) local pain

(7) diarrhea, cramps


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