The Limb-Body Wall Complex describes a number of congenital malformations affecting many parts of the body. Affected fetuses abort or are stillborn. The risk of recurrence in a future pregnancy is very small.


Major features:

(1) thoraco-abdominoschisis (body wall defect) with an extra-embryonic coelem containing thoracic and/or abdominal organs

(2) facial clefts

(3) limb defects some of which may be related to amniotic bands

(4) anterior exencephaly or encephalocele


Other findings may include:

(1) cardiac anomalies

(2) lung anomalies

(3) diaphragmatic defects

(4) intestinal anomalies

(5) renal anomalies

(6) genitourinary defects


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