Ligase IV Syndrome is a rare condition that results in impaired DNA damage repair.
Inheritance: autosomal recessive
Gene affected: LIG4 on 13q33-q34. This encodes DNA ligase IV, which is a component of the non-homologous end-joining pathway of DNA repair.
Disease severity is determined by the type of mutation. Missense mutations are associated with some residual enzyme function and have mild disease. Nonsense mutations with truncation show no residual enzyme function and severe disease.
(2) prominent nose (large and/or long)
(3) mental retardation or developmental delay
(4) genital abnormalities
(5) variable skin abnormalities
(6) recurrent infections
(1) pancytopenia secondary to bone marrow failure
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