Shankaran et al developed a classification scheme for describing the sonographic appearance of periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage in a neonate. The authors are from Wayne State University and Children's Hospital of Michigan.

Sonographic Findings

Severity of Hemorrhage

hemorrhage confined to subependyml periventricular region AND/OR normal-sized lateral ventricle with a small amount of blood


enlarged lateral ventricules with an intermediate amount of blood


entire lateral ventricle filled with blood, forming a cast AND/OR extension of hemorrhage into the cerebrum



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