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Extravasation of Drug from Central Intravascular Catheter | Risk for Chemical Mediastinitis

Purpose:

To determine if a patient receiving a drug infusion by a central intravascular catheter is at risk for chemical mediastinitis.

Specialty:

Toxicology
Emergency Medicine
Critical Care

Objective:

risk factors, adverse effects

ICD-10:

J98.5, T80.1

Description:

Some drugs are administered by a central vascular catheter to reduce local irritation and toxic reactions. If the drugs should leak from the central catheter then injuries such as chemical mediastinitis may occur. Certain factors can help identify a patient at risk for this infrequent but potentially serious complication.

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