Necrotizing enterocolitis occurring in infants can be diagnosed according to the following criteria.


Criteria - all of the following:

(1) age <= 12 months

(2) at least two of the following findings:

(2a) abdominal distention

(2b) vomiting

(2c) prefeeding residuals

(3) no other recognized cause for findings

(4) persistent microscopic or gross blood in stools

(5) at least one of the following:

(5a) radiographic evidence of pneumoperitoneum

(5b) radiographic evidence of pneumotosis intestinalis

(5c) radiographic evidence of unchanging, "rigid" loops of small bowel


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.