Necrotizing enterocolitis occurring in infants can be diagnosed according to the following criteria.
Criteria - all of the following:
(1) age <= 12 months
(2) at least two of the following findings:
(2a) abdominal distention
(2c) prefeeding residuals
(3) no other recognized cause for findings
(4) persistent microscopic or gross blood in stools
(5) at least one of the following:
(5a) radiographic evidence of pneumoperitoneum
(5b) radiographic evidence of pneumotosis intestinalis
(5c) radiographic evidence of unchanging, "rigid" loops of small bowel
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Specialty: Infectious Diseases, Gastroenterology, Pedatrics