Stomatocytosis refers to a change in the appearance of a red cell's central pallor that resembles a mouth or slit ("stoma").


(1) dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (xerocytosis)

(2) overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis

(3) other variants of hereditary stomatocytosis

(4) sitosterolemia

(5) Rh(null)

(6) Tangier's disease (analphalipoproteinemia)

(7) LCAT deficiency (lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase)



(1) hemolytic anemia

(2) acute alcohol abuse

(3) cocaine abuse

(4) medications (phenothiazine, taxanes, ifosfamide, other)

(5) myelodysplasia

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