Rush et al presented the CARE mnemonic to help to reduce the risk of diagnostic error. The components address issues that are relatively common reasons for  making a mistake. The authors are from the University of Arkansas, University of Mississippi and Northeast Ohio Medical University.

Elements of the CARE method:

(1) communication (C)

(2) assess (A) for biased reasoning

(3) reconsider (R) the differential diagnosis

(4) enact (E) a plan





avoid a breakdown in communication; obtaining accurate and complete information

assess for bias

avoid being misled by what appears to be obvious or a rush to judgment


review evidence for diagnosis; double check alternatives

enact a plan

make sure that the plan is understood; follow-up for adherence; remove barriers


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