A patient with sickle anemia may have multiple cardiac abnormalities.

Patient selection: sickle cell anemia


Possible cardiac abnormalities include:

(1) left ventricular dilation and hypertrophy

(2) myocardial perfusion abnormalities with ischemia

(3) systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction

(4) pulmonary hypertension

(5) tricuspid and/or mitral regurgitation

(6) atrial arrhythmias

(7) left atrial dilation

(8) hyperdynamic cardiac output

(9) right-to-left shunt

(10) potential cardiac hemosiderosis

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