Osteonecrosis of the mandible or maxilla secondary to bisphosphonate therapy can be staged based on clinical involvement.
Prerequisite: exposed/visible bone
(2) complications and/or severe disease
Symptoms may include:
(2) swelling (and signs of inflammation)
(3) foul taste
Complications may include:
(1) large area of exposed bone (> 3 cm in maximum diameter)
(2) multiple foci of exposed bone
(5) orocutaneous fistula
(6) pathologic fracture
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Purpose: To evaluate a patient with osteonecrosis of the mandible or maxilla secondary to bisphosphonate therapy.
Specialty: Otolaryngology, Surgery, orthopedic, Pharmacology, clinical
Objective: severity, prognosis, stage
ICD-10: M87.9, T45.9,