Balint is a rare syndrome of visual impairment that may be caused by several conditions.

Features of Balint Syndrome:

(1) deficit in visual perception

(2) unable to recognize more than 1 object at a time (simultagnosia)

(3) optic ataxia (deficit in reaching a visual goal)

(4) oculomotor apraxia (deficit of controlled, voluntary and purposeful eye movements)


Conditions that may cause Balint syndrome:

(1) bilateral occipitoparietal strokes

(2) posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

(3) hypoxic encephalopathy after cardiopulmonary arrest

(4) Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease

(5) near drowning

(6) metastatic tumors to the brain

(7) HIV encephalitis

To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.