Bacterial meningitis may be followed by a number of complications, especially if the infection is severe and poorly treated. Some complications may life-long and disabling.


Impairments following bacterial meningitis:

(1) hydrocephalus (with need for shunt if severe)

(2) microcephaly

(3) seizure disorder

(4) mental retardation

(5) motor disorder (paresis, hemiparesis, quadraplegia, cerebral palsy)

(6) visual disability, ranging from myopia to optic atrophy with blindness

(7) hearing loss

(8) cranial nerve palsy

(9) ataxia

(10) speech/language delay, learning disability


Each of these can be graded from none (0) to severe (3) on a 4 point Likert scale.


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