Steroids such as dexamethasone can have a beneficial effect in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Therapy was with dexamethasone with a starting dose of >= 0.3 mg/kg per day for at least 5 days duration during the first 60 days of life.
Criteria for a positive response to steroids:
(1) decline in FIO2 >= 0.20, AND
(2) decrease in ventilator rate by >=50% by the seventh day after initiation of therapy
Sustained response: If positive response persisted until the date when steroids were discontinued.
Transient response: If the positive response did not persist until the date when steroids were discontinued.
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Specialty: Pulmonology, Pedatrics