The Headache Committee of the International Headache Society developed criteria for the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disease.

Diagnostic Criteria - all of the following:

(1) 2 or more of the following:

(1a) pain of the jaw precipitated by movement and/or clenching of the joint

(1b) decreased range of movement

(1c) noise during joint movements

(1d) tenderness of the joint capsule

(2) positive findings on imaging studies (X-ray, isotope scintigraphy, other)

(3) mild to moderate pain located to the temporomandibular joint and/or radiating from the joint

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