The Headache Committee of the International Headache Society developed criteria for the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disease.
Diagnostic Criteria - all of the following:
(1) 2 or more of the following:
(1a) pain of the jaw precipitated by movement and/or clenching of the joint
(1b) decreased range of movement
(1c) noise during joint movements
(1d) tenderness of the joint capsule
(2) positive findings on imaging studies (X-ray, isotope scintigraphy, other)
(3) mild to moderate pain located to the temporomandibular joint and/or radiating from the joint
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Purpose: To evaluate a patient for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease using the criteria of the Headache Committee of the International Headache Society.
Objective: clinical diagnosis, including family history for genetics, criteria for diagnosis